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Annual Conference on Bioscience

Berlin, Germany

Antonia Tamborrino

Antonia Tamborrino

University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy

Title: Development of a prototype malaxer to investigate the influence of oxygen on extra-virgin olive oil quality and yield


Biography: Antonia Tamborrino


A system that supplied gas and measured oxygen concentration was implemented on a prototype malaxer. The system was able to measure the oxygen concentration both in headspace and in the olive paste. Five processing conditions were performed to assess the influence of the oxygen on the qualitative/quantitative parameters of the obtained olive oil. Several parameters were determined and a session of sensorial analysis was performed. The oxygen content in the headspace and olive paste was measured and the balance between these contents was assessed; a high correlation between the oxygen consumed in the headspace and the oxygen consumed by the olive paste was found. An amount of oxygen per kilogram of dough, over 40 minutes of kneading, falling in the range 55.4 to 77.9 mg [O2] kg-1 [olive paste], give of the best qualitative and quantitative performance during the malaxation process. The experimental tests have also demonstrated that a controlled oxygen supply promotes the production of volatile compounds responsible of balanced oil, avoiding its excessive oxidation. These data allowed us to define new basic parameters for the malaxer design and to optimize the extraction performance, thus ensuring the production of high-quality olive oil.